Suggested material for review.Do not expect that all
of this will be covered on the exam, or that the exam will only
cover this suggested material.DO read the chapters in the text, go over the notes, and
ASK QUESTIONS of the professor if you have any.
The exam will only cover chapters 1-3, plus
chapter 4 through the prokaryote cell wall.
On exam day, be prepared with a scantron
(#882-E) and a pencil. Do not be late for the exam.
After the exam, we will have laboratory as scheduled.
Material to be tested with very short essay answers (1-3
sentence answers, at most, for each):
Provide an explanation of the scientific name of one of
the following microbes: Thiomargarita namibiensis;
Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus; Saccharomyces
cerevisiae; Streptococcus pyogenes
Be prepared to discuss the contributions of two important
scientists of your choice from the "Golden Age of
Compare and contrast acid-fast and non-acid-fast cell
Compare and contrast Gram-positive and Gram-negative cell
Compare and contrast the light microscope and the
Material to be tested with multiple choice questions include
Understand the concepts involved with scientific nomenclature.Be able to discuss
scientific names described in the notes.
How are organisms classified at the domain level and what are
are the main differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?What are
characteristics of the kingdoms within the Eukarya?Compare and contrast
plants, animals, fungi, and protists. Compare and contrast
Bacteria and Archaea.
Are viruses living?What
are characteristics of this group?
Describe Pasteurís experimentation to disprove spontaneous
What is biotechnology and what can we do with it?
How is a gram stain performed and what does each of the
stains/solutions do during the procedure?
What is staining, in general, useful for?
What are the different types of microscopes best used for?Which gives the
highest magnification and best resolution?Which use light to
view the specimen?Which
require a fluorescent marker?
Know what contributions were made by Pasteur, Hooke, van
Leeuwenhoek, Jenner, Lister, Ehrlich, and Kock.
Know about the various kinds of bonds, how they are formed,
and what they are formed between; hydrogen, ion, covalent.
Don't forget peptide bonds.
Know about reactions, such as dehydration synthesis,
hydrolysis, exchange, and reversible.
Know the four biomolecules carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,
and DNA. Know their main characteristics, components,
differences, and what they are used for by living organisms.
Be able to identify various bacterial cell shapes and
Starting with smearing and fixing, be able to describe the
steps of the Gram stain and the acid-fast stain, in order, and
explain the importance and details of each component used.
Be able to discuss stains of various sorts.
Thoroughly review and be able to discuss the components of a
prokaryote cell wall, and structures that are external to the
prokaryote cell membrane. Know the structure of the Gram
positive, Gram negative, and acid-fast walls. Understand
that some cells are without walls.