Study Guide for Chapter 9

 

What does a gene (or DNA) code for?

What is a GMO?

What is a plasmid?

What is a restriction enzyme?

How are DNA and RNA similar?

How are DNA and RNA different?

What kinds of nucleotide bases make up RNA?

What kinds of nucleotide bases make up DNA?

What is rBGH?

What is a mutation?

What are three possible effects that a mutation in a gene can have on the protein it codes for?

What is transcription?

Where does transcription occur?

What is translation?

Where does translation occur?

What kinds of RNA are involved in translation?

What is the function of mRNA?

What is the function of tRNA?

What is made of rRNA and protein?

What is a ̉codonÓ and where is it found?

What is an ̉anticodonÓ and where is it found?

Is the sequence ̉ATGCATGCÓ made of DNA or RNA?

For the above, what is the complementary DNA sequence?

For the above, what is the complementary RNA sequence?

What is the Ti Plasmid?  What is a gene gun?
What is a transgenic organism?  What is a genetically modified organism?