Chapter 5

What is the greenhouse effect?  What is one of the most important greenhouse gasses?  Can you describe the "carbon cycle"?  What kind of data do scientists have that shows an increase in greenhouse gasses?  What can we do to reduce the chance of global warming from the greenhouse effect?

What is photosynthesis and what organisms can do it?  What cellular organelle is used for photosynthesis?  What is the photosynthetic pigment?

What are the two steps in photosynthesis?  Where do the two steps occur?  Which step absorbs sunlight and converts it into ATP?  Which step takes in carbon dioxide and builds sugars?  Which step produces oxygen?

What is photorespiration?  What kinds of plants are able to produce sugars, even in the hottest deserts? What kinds of plants can produce sugars with the C4 pathway?