What are macronutrients and micronutrients.  Give some examples of each.

 

What happens if you lose too much water?

 

How do three of the basic biological molecules fit into our diets?  What do we use each kind for?

 

What are the benefits of whole foods vs. processed foods?

 

What are vitamins and minerals?  How do they help enzymes function?


What is passive transport?  How do diffusion and facilitated diffusion differ from each other?  What about osmosis - what kind of movement does that describe?


What happens when a cell is placed into a solution with higher solute than the cell has (hypertonic)?  What happens with a lower solute solution (hypotonic)?  Equal solute (isotonic)?

 

What is active transport?  Exocytosis?  Endocytosis?


What is a cell membrane made out of?  What kind of biological molecule is this?

 

What things do ALL cells have?


What is the basic difference between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes?  Hint:  It has to do with membranes in the cell.


What are the following cellular components:  Nucleus, DNA, ribosome, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, mitochondrion, chloroplast.  Are there cellular components found only in plants?  What are they?  What is the cytoskeleton and what are centrioles?